## Undergraduate Courses

**100-1 Undergraduate Seminar.** Lectures and discussions by students, faculty and invited guests on topics in physics. Will include discussions on employment opportunities, graduate school admission and undergraduate research. Graded: Pass/Fail.

**101-3 Physics that Changed the World.** (University Core Curriculum) [IAI course: P1 901L] This course will survey some of the most important developments in physics which have occurred over the past two millennia. Along the way, students will be introduced to fundamental physical principles such as energy conservation. Topics will include early astronomy, laws of motion, electricity, magnetism, waves, quantum mechanics and relatively. Lab fee: $20.

**102-1 Everybody’s Einstein**. A non-mathematical presentation of Einstein’s relativity theories on a popular level. No prerequisite.

**103-3 Astronomy**. (University Core Curriculum) Fundamental concepts of the physical sciences are used in the exploration of the observable universe. Studies include the history and techniques of astronomy, planets, stars, black holes, galaxies and cosmology. Lectures are supplemented by outdoor astronomical observations and/or indoor laboratory exercises. Lab fee: $20.

**201-1 Introduction to Physics**. Vectors (definitions, operations, etc.). Kinematics in one and two dimensions (including projectile motion). Newton's *Laws of Motion*. One hour of lecture and one hour of problem discussion per week. This course will be required for students wishing to enroll in PHYS 205A if they either: - have a score in a Physics placement test indicative of their need for having a course in these topics; or - if they have had no previous Physics classes.

**203A,B-6 (3,3) College Physics.** (Advanced University Core Curriculum course) [IAI Course: (a) P1 900] (A) Mechanics, heat, and sound. Prerequisite: completing with grade *C* or better Math 109 or 111 or 125 or 140 or 150. (B) Electricity, magnetism, light, aspects of modern physics. Prerequisite: Physics 203 A or B with Physics 253 satisfies a Science Group I Core Curriculum requirement in lieu of Physics 101 or 103.

**205A,B-6 (3,3,) University Physics.** (Advanced University Core Curriculum course) Designed to meet requirements of physics, engineering and chemistry majors. (A) [IAI Course P2 900] Mechanics, heat and waves. Prerequisites: MATH 150 with grade of *C* or better; and, either one year of high school physics and a satisfactory grade on a placement test, or, satisfactory completion of PHYS 201. With PHYS 255a, satisfies the UCC Science Group I requirement instead of PHYS 101 or 103. (B) Electricity, magnetism and optics. Prerequisites: PHYS 205A and MATH 250 with a grade of *C* or better. With PHYS 255B, satisfies the UCC Science Group I requirement instead of PHYS 101 or 103.Not for graduate credit.

**253A,B-2 (1,1) College Physics Laboratory.** (Advanced University Core Curriculum course) [IAI Course: P1 900L] One two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: completion of or concurrent enrollment in 203a,b respectively; if the corresponding lecture course is dropped, the laboratory course must also be dropped. With 203a or b, satisfies the University Core Curriculum Science Group I requirement in lieu of Physics 101 or 103. Lab fee: $25.

**255A, B-2 (1,1) University Physics Laboratory.** (Advanced University Core Curriculum course) [IAI Course: (a) P2 900L]; One two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: completion of or concurrent enrollment in 205A, B respectively; if the corresponding lecture course is dropped, the laboratory course must also be dropped. With 205A or B, satisfies the University Core Curriculum Group I requirement in lieu of Physics 101, 103. Lab fee: $25 for A, and B.

**301-3 Theoretical Methods in Physics.** Introduction to theoretical methods of general usefulness in intermediate and advanced undergraduate physics, with particular emphasis on applications of vector algebra and calculus, complex numbers, matrices, ordinary differential equations and Fourier series to selected topics in physics. Required of all physics majors prior to or concurrently taking 310 or 320.Prerequisite: PHYS 205A, Mathematics 250 with a grade of C or better.

**302-3 Astronomy** — Honors. Current knowledge of the universe and the gathering of that knowledge. Includes properties of the solar system and theories of its origin, the structure and evolution of stars. Supplemented by occasional hours of evening observation. Prerequisite: one of PHYS 203A, 205A, plus Mathematics 111, or consent of instructor.

**305-3 Modern Physics.** (Advanced University Core Curriculum course) The physics of the twentieth century: special relativity (experimental basis; time dilation, length contraction, Lorentz transformations; addition of velocities; relativistic momentum, mass and energy). Quantum mechanics (wave-particle duality, early quantum theory, tunneling phenomena, the Schroedinger equation in one and in three dimensions). Applications of quantum theory to: atomic and molecular structure; lasers, condensed matter physics; nuclear and particle physics. Prerequisites: PHYS 205A and B with a grade of *C* or above, or PHYS 203A and PHYS 205A and B with a grade of *C* or above.

**310-3 Mechanics I**. Motions of systems of particles and rigid bodies. Prerequisite: PHYS 301 or MATH 305 or concurrent enrollment, PHYS 205A, and PHYS 205B with grade of *C* or better.

**320-3 Electricity and Magnetism I.** The theory of electric and magnetic fields; electrostatic fields in vacuum and in material media, special methods for the solution of electrostatics problems, energy, and force relations in electrostatic fields; stationary electric fields in conducting media, electric currents, magnetic fields, magnetic properties of matter. Prerequisite: 301 or Mathematics 305 or concurrent enrollment, and 205a,b and Mathematics 251 with grade of *C* or better.

**328-2 Light**. Light propagation, reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction, polarization, and optical instruments. Prerequisite: 203b or 205b with grade of *C* or better.

**345-3 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics.** Thermal behavior of macroscopic matter, the laws ofthermodynamics; basis for thermodynamics in statistical mechanics; basic methods and applications of classical and quantum statistical mechanics. Elementary kinetic theory of matter. Prerequisite: 301, Mathematics 251 with grade of *C* or better.

**355-1 Modern Physics Laboratory**. A laboratory class which meets for a two hour session once a week. The laboratory experiments include several of the seminal experimental discoveries that helped establish quantum theory (spectral lines, the charge to mass ratio for the electron, the photoelectric effect, the Franck-Hertz experiment, radioactivity, superconductivity, etc.). Prerequisites: PHYS 205A and PHYS 205B or PHYS 203A and PHYS 203B with a grade of *C* or better.

**390-1 to 4 Undergraduate Research**. An introduction to investigations in physics. Individual work under the supervision of a physics faculty member on a special topic in physics. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

**410-3 Mechanics II**. Gravitation, continuous media, transformation properties, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms. Prerequisite: PHYS 310 with grade of *C* or better.

**420-3 Electricity and Magnetism II**. Induced electromotive force, quasisteady currents and fields, Maxwell’s equations, electromagnetic waves and radiation, with applications. Prerequisite: PHYS320 with grade of *C* or better.

**424-4 Electronics for Scientists.** Coordinated two-hour lecture and four-hour laboratory study of electronics. Emphasis is on overall modern electronics and its applications in the experimental research laboratory setting. Topics include DC and AC circuit theory, measurement techniques, semiconductor active devices, operational amplifiers and feedback, digital circuits, Boolean algebra, microprocessors and large scale integration, digital to analog/analog to digital conversion, and data acquisition. Prerequisite: PHYS 203B or 205B and Mathematics 111 with a grade of *C* or better.

**425-3 Solid State Physics I**. Structure of a crystalline solid; lattice vibrations and thermal properties; electrons in metals; band theory; electrons and holes in semiconductors; opto-electronic phenomena in solids; dielectric and magnetic properties; superconductivity. Prerequisites: PHYS 310, 320, and 430 with grade of *C* or better.

**428-3 Modern Optics and Lasers.** Properties of electromagnetic waves in space and media, polarization and interference phenomena and devices, electro- and magneto-optic effects, optical gain, and lasers. Prerequisite: PHYS 420 with grade of *C* or better.

**430-3 Quantum Mechanics I.** An introduction to quantum mechanics including its experimental basis andapplication in atomic physics. Prerequisite: 305, 310 and 320 with grade of *C* or better. Prior or concurrent enrollment in PHYS410 and 420 is desirable.

**431-3 Atomic and Molecular Physics I**. Atomic spectra and structure; molecular spectra and structure. Prerequisite: PHYS 430 with grade of *C* or better.

**432-3 Nuclear Physics I**. Basic nuclear properties and structure; radioactivity, nuclear excitation, and reactions, nuclear forces; fission and fusion. Prerequisite: PHYS 430 with grade of *C* or better.

**440-3 Applications of Quantum Mechanics.** Applications of quantum mechanics to include time-independent and timedependent perturbation theory, variational methods, introduction to solid-state physics and materials. Prerequisite: PHYS 430 with grade of C or better.

**445-4 Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics**. Laws of thermodynamics; Principles and Applications of Classical and Quantum Statistical Mechanics; Introduction to Kinetic Theory of Matter. Prerequisites: PHYS 305 and PHYS 301 both with grade of *C* or better; MATH 251 with a grade of *C* or better.

**450-3 Modern Physics Laboratory.** Introduces students to experimental research and encourages them to develop and carry out experiments. Prerequisite: PHYS 305 with grade of *C* or better.

**458-2 Laser and Optical Physics Laboratory.** Properties of laser beams and resonators, fluorescence and two photon spectroscopy, diffraction, Fourier transformation and frequency filtering, electro- and magnetooptic modulation, fiber propagation and related experiments. Prerequisite: PHYS 428 with grade of *C* or better.

**470-1 to 3 Special Projects**. Each student chooses or is assigned a definite investigative project or topic. Prerequisite: PHYS 310, 320 or consent of instructor.

**475- 3 Special Topics in Physics.** These courses are advanced special topics in physics designed to enable undergraduate and graduate students to become well-versed in a particular and current research area of physics with the intention of preparing them for future research and/or industrial applications. They are offered as the need arises and interest and time permit. Students are required to give presentations. Special approval needed from the instructor

**490-1 to 4 Advanced Undergraduate Research.** Advanced undergraduate research under the supervision of a physics faculty member. A presentation of the results will be made at the end of the term. Not for graduate credit. Prerequisite: PHYS 310, 320 or consent of instructor and undergraduate advisor.